Operation Vijay: The birth of India’s 25 th State(Goa).


Goa: One of the most celebrated tourist state in the country. Its the smallest state of India and is ranked on the top “Best quality of life “ in India by National Commission. Rich with Indo-Portuguese culture, the state, unlike other states, has its own empirical history.

The colonial rule of Portuguese in Goa finds its traces back to the time when the sea route to India and Portugal was discovered. After India’s independence from the British, Portugal refused to accede to India’s request to renounce control of its Indian Possessions, paving way for the Indo-Portugal war which involved air, land and sea strikes for over 36 hours, brought down the 451 years of Portuguese colonial rule in Goa. There had been prior attempts to release Goa from the Portuguese rule which were suppressed. By the end of 1957, there had been enough turmoil against
the Portuguese, with anti-terrorists groups, activists and what not! Accumulating all the rage of the previous attempts, ‘Operation Vijay’ hit the nail.

By October 1961, the decision of using the military force to oust the Portuguese was made. On receiving the go-ahead signal for military action, Lt.Gen.Chaudhari (Army Commander )and Maj. Gen. K.P.Candeth took over the mission. The AirForce was mainly involved in the destruction of Goa’s lone airfield Dabolim without causing any damage to the terminal and building, destruction of the wireless station at Bambolim and assistance to other ground troops. The Navy was truculent for attacking the Anjidiv Island, Naval Battle at Mormugao harbor and the storming of Daman and then
the Diu ports. The Army took care of the ground operations, targeting to secure the capital of Goa- Panjim, the harbor of Mormugao and the Dabolim Airport.

Portuguese ideology was to destroy Goa if they couldn’t retain their power in the state.The plan was to attack from the north and the east, attack from the south was only for diverting attention. The Indian forces restored law and order in the town, took over and sealed all the public buildings, banks, treasury etc.

On 19th December 1961, the Indian National Flag was hoisted by Major General K.P Candeth. Arrangements were made for the official surrender at the hands of the Portuguese Governor General Salo e Silva. Further, Major General K.P Cadeth was appointed the military governor of Goa and with this, the undying Portuguese rule of 451 years came to an end. Post the success of Operation Vijay, Portugal severed all diplomatic ties with India and were revived only 1974 when a treaty was signed against the anti-colonial military rule.

The Indian Armed forces have not left any stone unturned when it comes to the protection of the country. They go beyond their limits be it sea, air, land, dusty terrains, freezing altitudes or the fathoms of the oceans. They have always fortified the welfare of the country remarkably.

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